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Prophecies and Tongues have ceased

(grk. word study).

1 Cor 13:8-13

To make this clearer to see, I recommend printing this page. You will then need to draw two lines connecting the Strong's Greek numbers. Join up each occurrence of 2673, and then join up each occurrence of 3313. This will bring clearer understanding of the explanation.

1Co 13:8 Charity26 never3763 faileth16011601 – Greek 1601 ekpipto ek-pip'-to
from 1537 and 4098; to drop away; specially, be driven out of one's course; figuratively, to lose, become inefficient:--be cast, fail, fall (away, off), take none effect.

: but1161 whether1535 there be prophecies4394, they shall fail26732673 – Greek 2673 katargeo kat-arg-eh'-o from 2596 and 691; to be (render) entirely idle (useless), literally or figuratively:--abolish, cease, cumber, deliver, destroy, do away, become (make) of no (none, without) effect, fail, loose, bring (come) to nought, put away (down), vanish away, make void.

; whether1535 there be tongues1100, they shall cease39733973 – Greek 3973 pauo pow'-o a primary verb ("pause"); to stop (transitively or intransitively), i.e. restrain, quit, desist, come to an end:--cease, leave, refrain.

; whether1535 there be knowledge1108, it shall vanish away2673. (fail: Gr. vanish away)

1Co 13:9 For1063 we know1097 in1537 part33133313 – Greek 3313 meros mer'-os from an obsolete but more primary form of meiromai (to get as a section or allotment); a division or share (literally or figuratively, in a wide application):--behalf, course, coast, craft, particular (+ -ly), part (+ -ly), piece, portion, respect, side, some sort(-what).

, and2532 we prophesy4395 in1537 part3313.

1Co 13:10 But1161 when3752 that which is perfect50465046 – Greek 5046 teleios tel'-i-os from 5056; complete (in various applications of labor, growth, mental and moral character, etc.); neuter (as noun, with 3588) completeness:--of full age, man, perfect.

is come2064, then5119 that which is in1537 part3313 shall be done away2673. (done away: Gr. vanish away)

1Co 13:11 When3753 I was2252 a child35163516 - Greek3516 nepios nay'-pee-os from an obsolete particle ne- (implying negation) and 2031; not speaking, i.e. an infant (minor); figuratively, a simple-minded person, an immature Christian:--babe, child (+ -ish).

, I spake2980 as5613 a child3516, I understood5426 as5613 a child3516, I thought3049 as5613 a child3516: but1161 when3753 I became1096 a man435, I put away2673 childish things3516.

1Co 13:12 For1063 now737737 – Greek 737 arti ar'-tee adverb from a derivative of 142 (compare 740) through the idea of suspension; just now:--this day (hour), hence(-forth), here(-after), hither(-to), (even) now, (this) present.

we see991 through1223 a glass20722072 – Greek 2072 esoptron es'-op-tron from 1519 and a presumed derivative of 3700; a mirror (for looking into):--glass. Compare 2734.

, darkly1722 135135 – Greek 135 ainigma ah'-ee-nig-ma from a derivative of 136 (in its primary sense); an obscure saying ("enigma"), i.e. (abstractly) obscureness:--X darkly.

; but1161 then5119 face4383 to4314 face4383: now737 I know1097 in1537 part3313; but1161 then5119 shall I know19211921 – Greek 1921 epiginosko ep-ig-in-oce'-ko from 1909 and 1097; to know upon some mark, i.e. recognize; by implication, to become fully acquainted with, to acknowledge:--(ac-, have, take)know(-ledge, well), perceive.

even as2531 also2532 I am known1921.

1Co 13:13 And1161 now3570 abideth33063306 – Greek 3306 meno men'-o a primary verb; to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy):--abide, continue, dwell, endure, be present, remain, stand, tarry (for), X thine own.

faith4102, hope1680, charity26, these5023 three5140; but1161 the greatest3187 of these5130 is charity26.


I've found these these threads in the Greek, which explain the text quite well for themselves. The thread of Strong’s Greek numbers of 2673 all refer to one and the same thing – a making void or vanishing away of the gift of tongues, of the gift of prophecy, of the gift of knowledge. (The Greek 3973 still refers to a coming to an end)

The second thread beginning at 3313 all refer to one and the same thing – a section or a short time of the use of these gifts.

The Greek of v8 1601 ‘faileth’ is an exception of the 2673. This is because it stands in special contrast to v13 ‘abideth’. Bringing stronger emphasis to what is temporary and what is permanent. Indeed the Love of God is a permanent feature for the true church whereas these spiritual gifts of God are not.

There is however 2 things of great interest here which I’ve highlighted in red as they stand alone being the only 2 things unaccounted for in this text. What exactly is ‘that which is perfect’ 5046? And what exactly is ‘a glass’ 2072? Each of these has a Greek reference that are of striking similarity in meaning.

We find 5046 AND 2072 in three verses in James 1:23-25:

Jam 1:23 For3754 if any1536 be2076 a hearer202 of the word3056, and2532 not3756 a doer4163, he3778 is like1503 unto a man435 beholding2657 his846 natural1078 face4383 in1722 a glass2072:

Jam 1:24 For1063 he beholdeth2657 himself1438, and2532 goeth his way565, and2532 straightway2112 forgetteth1950 what manner of man3697 he was2258.

Jam 1:25 But1161 whoso looketh3879 into1519 the perfect5046 law3551 of liberty1657, and2532 continueth3887 therein , he3778 being1096 not3756 a forgetful1953 hearer202, but235 a doer4163 of the work2041, this man3778 shall be2071 blessed3107 in1722 his846 deed4162. (deed: or, doing)

'That which is perfect' and the 'glass' are then beyond doubt the written Word of God. The fact that it is the written word that is being reffered to is also confirmed by the word of God being like a 'glass' or mirror, again in 2Co 3:18 'But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord'. In the verses just preceding v18, it is clear that it's the Old Testament that's being referred to. Since James speaks of 'the perfect law of liberty' he can only be speaking of the New Testament.

The gifts of revelation provided signs and revelation of truth, temporarily filling in until the completion of the New Testament -the completed and final word of God.

We can now trust in the written word as David did
when also God did speak audibly in those days.

Proverbs 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him. Psalms 17:4 concerning the works of men, by the word of thy lips I have kept me from the paths of the destroyer. Psalms 18:30 As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him. Psalms 33:4 For the word of the LORD is right; and all his works are done in truth. Psalms 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made; and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. Psalms 56:4 In God I will praise his word, in God I have put my trust; I will not fear what flesh can do unto me. Psalms 56:10 In God will I praise his word: in the LORD will I praise his word. Psalms 106:24 Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word: Psalms 107:20 He sent his word, and healed them, and delivered them from their destructions. Psalms 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to thy word. Psalms 119:11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee. Psalms 119:16 I will delight myself in thy statutes: I will not forget thy word. Psalms 119:17 Deal bountifully with thy servant, that I may live, and keep thy word. Psalms 119:25 My soul cleaveth unto the dust: quicken thou me according to thy word. Psalms 119:28 My soul melteth for heaviness: strengthen thou me according unto thy word. Psalms 119:38 Stablish thy word unto thy servant, who is devoted to thy fear. Psalms 119:41 Let thy mercies come also unto me, O LORD, even thy salvation, according to thy word. Psalms 119:42 So shall I have wherewith to answer him that reproacheth me: for I trust in thy word. Psalms 119:43 And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth; for I have hoped in thy judgments. Psalms 119:49 Remember the word unto thy servant, upon which thou hast caused me to hope. Psalms 119:50 This is my comfort in my affliction: for thy word hath quickened me.Psalms 119:58 I intreated thy favour with my whole heart: be merciful unto me according to thy word. Psalms 119:65 Thou hast dealt well with thy servant, O LORD, according unto thy word. Psalms 119:67 Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept thy word. Psalms 119:74 They that fear thee will be glad when they see me; because I have hoped in thy word. Psalms 119:76 Let, I pray thee, thy merciful kindness be for my comfort, according to thy word unto thy servant.Psalms 119:81 My soul fainteth for thy salvation: but I hope in thy word. Psalms 119:82 Mine eyes fail for thy word, saying, When wilt thou comfort me? Psalms 119:89 For ever, O LORD, thy word is settled in heaven. Psalms 119:101 I have refrained my feet from every evil way, that I might keep thy word. Psalms 119:105 Thy word is a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path. Psalms 119:107 I am afflicted very much: quicken me, O LORD, according unto thy word. Psalms 119:114 Thou art my hiding place and my shield: I hope in thy word. Psalms 119:116 Uphold me according unto thy word, that I may live: and let me not be ashamed of my hope. Psalms 119:123 Mine eyes fail for thy salvation, and for the word of thy righteousness. Psalms 119:133 Order my steps in thy word: and let not any iniquity have dominion over me. Psalms 119:140 Thy word is very pure: therefore thy servant loveth it. Psalms 119:147 I prevented the dawning of the morning, and cried: I hoped in thy word. Psalms 119:148 Mine eyes prevent the night watches, that I might meditate in thy word. Psalms 119:154 Plead my cause, and deliver me: quicken me according to thy word. Psalms 119:158 I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word. Psalms 119:160 Thy word is true from the beginning: and every one of thy righteous judgments endureth for ever. Psalms 119:161 Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word. Psalms 119:162 I rejoice at thy word, as one that findeth great spoil. Psalms 119:169 Let my cry come near before thee, O LORD: give me understanding according to thy word. Psalms 119:170 Let my supplication come before thee: deliver me according to thy word. Psalms 119:172 My tongue shall speak of thy word: for all thy commandments are righteousness. Psalms 130:5 I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope. Psalms 138:2 I will worship toward thy holy temple, and praise thy name for thy lovingkindness and for thy truth: for thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name. Psalms 147:15 He sendeth forth his commandment upon earth: his word runneth very swiftly. Psalms 147:18 He sendeth out his word, and melteth them: he causeth his wind to blow, and the waters flow. Psalms 147:19 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel. Psalms 148:8 Fire, and hail; snow, and vapours; stormy wind fulfilling his word:

Rev 22:18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book:

Rev 22:19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.

Rev 22:20 He which testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus.